A Group Two Subject/Course : NB: No exemption is permitted from this subject.
- To ensure a thorough knowledge and understanding of port agency.
- To develop relevant communication skills.
- Types of ships employed in dry cargo and liquid trades including Cape Size, Panamax and Handy Size bulk carriers,
- General Purpose, Container, Ro/Ro, Ore/Bulk/Oil, Ore/Oil and tankers.
- Basic dimensions, design and construction details including decks, holds, hatches, derricks, winches, cranes and specialised cargo handling gear.
- Ballasting and ballast systems .
- Terminology of measurements including dimensions, tonnages, cubic capacities, TEUs.
- Content and information available from Capacity, General Arrangement and Stowage Plans.
- Compatibility of different ships for cargoes and trade routes.
Cargoes And Trade
- Commodities – their nature, characteristics, hazards and stowage requirements.
- Areas of production. Trade routes and seasonal variations including approximation of time and distance.
- Alternative routes and seasonal variations.
Registration, Classification And Surveys
- Choice of flag, flag states, offshore registries and flags of convenience.
- The role and function of classification societies. Classification societies registers. Class maintenance programmes and class surveys.
- Safety certification. Port State Control.
- Other surveys including on/off hire, pre-loading, bunkers and draft surveys.
- ISM Code – origin, application and audits.
- Role of the International Transport Workers Federation (ITF) and national trade unions.
Port Agency Operations
- The agent’s role; obtaining business, identifying the principal. Dealing with port authorities, terminal operators, pilotage, towage, stevedores, riggers etc.
- Services for Master and ship’s personnel including bunkering, storing victualling, medical needs etc.
- Cash to master.
- Clearing of the vessel with statutory authorities including customs, port health and immigration.
- Problems of smuggling, drug offences, illegal immigration.
- Signing crew on and off and repatriation.
- Noting protest.
- Certificates, reason for and validity.
- Standard forms of voyage and time charter parties and their suitability to different trades.
- Format and clauses common to all Charter Party forms.
- Voylay Rules 1993 and FONASBA Time Charter Interpretation Code 2000.
- Rights, responsibilities and liabilities of owners and charterers.
- Consecutive voyage contracts and Contracts of Affreightment.
Port Working Documentation
- Notices of readiness, arrived ship, statements of facts, timesheets.
- Avoiding disputes in connection with time counting.
- The importance of bills of lading in Port Agency.
- The functions of bills of lading and their role in international trade.
- Bills of lading legislation – UK Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1992 or equivalent national legislation.
- Hague/Hague Visby & Hamburg rules. Rules for combined transport including UNCTAD/ICC.
- Clean and ‘dirty’ Bills of Lading. Letters of indemnity, their use, misuse and the avoidance of fraud.
- Types of Bills of Lading: ocean, through, combined transport, waybills. Major and usual clauses.
- Other documentation – Booking notes, Shipping notes, Manifests, Dangerous cargo declarations.
- Regulatory control of imports and exports including customs procedures and licensing.
- Computers: Their application and the development of paperless trading.
Legal Aspects For Port Agency
- The agent’s relationship with his principal including law of agency.
- Charterer’s nomination of agent and appointment by time charterers.
- Liabilities of the agent including authority, breach of warranty and fiduciary duty.
- Errors and omissions insurance.
- The essentials of General Average including documentation.
- General average documentation.
- Cargo and other claims and the role of the owner’s P & I Association.
- The role of the agent in arrest in rem.
- Funds in advance. Pro-forma disbursements accounts. Identifying costs for owner’s account, for time charterer’s account, for voyage charterer’s account, for merchant’s account.
- Separation of owner’s and charterer’s financial responsibilities.
- Freight collection and remittance.
- Recovery of overdue accounts.